Google Doodle Celebrates ‘Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein 120th Birthday of Soviet film director and theorist
Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein was a Soviet film director and film theorist, a pioneer in the theory and practice of montage.
Sergei Mikhailovich Eisenstein was a Soviet film director and film theorist, a pioneer in the theory and practice of montage. He is noted in particular for his silent films Strike (1925), Battleship Potemkin (1925) and October (1928), as well as the historical epics Alexander Nevsky (1938) and Ivan the Terrible (1944, 1958).
At the Petrograd Institute of Civil Engineering, Sergei studied architecture and engineering, the profession of his father. In 1918 Sergei left school and joined the Red Army to serve the Bolshevik Revolution, although his father Mikhail supported the opposite side.This brought his father to Germany after the defeat of the Tsarist government, and Sergei to Petrograd, Vologda, and Dvinsk,In 1920, Sergei was transferred to a command position in Minsk, after success providing propaganda for the October Revolution. At this time, he was exposed to Kabuki theatre and studied Japanese, learning some 300 kanji characters, which he cited as an influence on his pictorial development.These studies would lead him to travel to Japan.
In 1920 Eisenstein moved to Moscow, and began his career in theatre working for Proletkult. His productions there were entitled Gas Masks, Listen Moscow, and Wiseman.Eisenstein would then work as a designer for Vsevolod Meyerhold. In 1923 Eisenstein began his career as a theorist, by writing The Montage of Attractions for LEF. Eisenstein’s first film, Glumov’s Diary (for the theatre production Wiseman), was also made in that same year with Dziga Vertov hired initially as an “instructor.”
Sergei Eisenstein was the one to create a new form called ‘montage of attractions’ – in which images are chosen and then carefully placed sequentially not in chronology, but in a way that would create larger psychological impact thus communicating his idea to the audience. Along with his work on defining motion picture, director Sergei Eisenstein contributed to ‘realistic’ filmmaking depicting the struggle of downtrodden workers against the ruling class.
His notable work, Battleship Potemkin, made on the Revolution of 1905 is widely known as one of the masterpieces in world cinema even today.
The film among several other works of Sergei Eisenstein is often termed as the best understanding of the art of motion pictures.